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20 Types Hydroponic Growing Media Most Excellent - Farming with hydroponics concept increasingly favored by many people. Hydroponics is itself a way of farming without soil using a planting medium that is commonly used, but replaced with an aqueous solution containing nutrients to support the plant to grow well.

If you have a desire to start a hydroponic cultivation, it is good to identify in advance a variety of hydroponic growing media best is the best.

By knowing in advance, of course you can easily pinpoint and adjust the planting medium that suits your budget.

The following will mention any names were mistakenly hydroponic growing media used for berhidroponik.

1. Cork

Gabut or styrofoam into alternative growing media last inorganic nature that you can choose if you want to plant vegetables or other plants with the hydroponics system.

Cork made of styrene copolymer that was originally used as a media adaptation or adjustment to the plants before planting to land. This process is only temporary.

But today cork or Styrofoam has been used as a growing media mix to optimize porousitas the growing media. To achieve these functions, cork is used is changed in the form of small balls scour.

2. Trunk Ferns
Trunk Ferns

Lots indeed all kinds of hydroponic growing media that can be selected, such as stem fern one of them.

Fern stem generally separated into two based on the color, namely black fern trunks and stems of ferns brown.

Of the two types of fern stems are more frequently used as a growing medium is black fern.

Black fern stem chosen as a growing medium because it is already old and dry and thus more easily shaped into small pieces which is known as shredded fern.

You can buy a rod fern plant store nearby. The planting medium is one commonly used for growing orchids in pots.

Advantages possessed by the planting medium is easily tie rod water fern and possesses good aeration and drainage.

3. Perlite

For those of you who are just learning to grow crops hydroponically, then first identify all kinds of hydroponic growing media with their own specification.

Perlite is a kind of intangible mineral growing media is lightweight, has a cation exchange capacity, and water absorption is not too much.

Perlite is a growing media which are inorganic and derived from silica rock heated at high temperatures so that the melt and converted into a small size.

Excess bagged by the growing media, among others capable of storing nutrients or nutrients that plants need high amounts, as well as a pretty good drainage system.

The use of perlite as the media supporting the plants should be combined with planting materials are organic so that plants can absorb nutrients optimally.

4. Humus

Humus planting medium
obtained from the decay of organic material and energy source of micro bodies of bodies microstructure.

This type of planting medium was originally formed from the body tissues of plants atan animals that have died.

The existence of very good humus to support the process of tilling the soil. Humus also can produce good nutrient due to its ability in a high ion exchange.

The use of humus as hydroponic growing media can not be arbitrary or work independently.

It is because hummus overgrown by fungal vulnerable when there are changes in temperature, humidity and aeration uncontrollable.

In addition to these problems, humus also makes it difficult for plant roots to absorb water due to the low level of the process.

Therefore, the hydroponic cultivation with humus as cropping media should be combined with other growing media that have a high prousitas such as soil or sand.


The use of gravel as a planting medium is actually not much different from the previous hydroponic growing medium sand.

Both the planting medium is the same nature. The pebbles are used to grow plants with hydroponics system can obtain space for the roots to grow optimally. Gravel can also help the circulation of a solution of nutrients and air.

Beyond these advantages, gravel also has drawbacks, such as it is difficult to bind with water so that the necessary activities with regular watering at regular intervals in order to keep growing without problems.

If you have more budget, you can use synthetic gravel planting medium that has the ability to bind water well.

6. Pumice

Perhaps you are not familiar with this one planting medium. Pumice is a medium to sustain plants in cultivation using hydroponics systems.

The media type planting this one comes from the rock types basalt volcanic eruption.

You can find on the beaches of pumice collected by the eruption of Merapi volcano hundreds of years earlier.

Pumice has a pale white as chalk. Water binding capability in pumice is almost the same with gravel.

Therefore, to support the plant roots to grow properly, you need to combine the planting medium with charcoal husk fuel pumice or vermiculite so shaped fitting combination.

7. Sponge

Sponges are well known to those who have long been engaged in the cultivation of ornamental plants.
Media planted this one has a very light weight so that when applied would be easy to be moved and placed anywhere.

Light weight which is owned by the sponge as a planting medium does not require ballast water because, after flushing the sponge will absorb water so that the plant will become erect.

Results obtained by using hydroponic growing media such as sponges are more vibrant plant growth, and can dipaka forever.

There have been many people who prove to yourself that the sponge can create more fertile plant without the need for adaptation proes.

Another advantage possessed by the sponge is capable of storing water content up to 2 weeks, plus immunity to fungi that risk damaging the plant.

8. Manure

In addition to a compost derived from household waste, there are many kinds of hydroponic growing media that can be used as an alternative, such as manure. Manure is obtained from animal waste.

Manure contained in the complete nutrient such as phosphorus, sodium, and potassium. The existence of good nutrition for the plant is suitable for use as a growing medium.

In addition to plant vital elements contained in it, the manure also be microorganisms which are believed capable of changing the organic component is difficult absorption by plant roots into components that are easily digested by the plant.

To obtain manure as the best growing medium, you should use the manure that has been cooked and sterilized. This can be seen by looking at the color of fertilizer that turned into black.

9. Sand

In addition to the seven kinds of hydroponic growing medium above, the sand is also one of the planting medium that is widely used.

People use the sand to make a hydroponic farming is due to the weight of the sand that was severe enough to be able to sustain the establishment of the plant.

In addition, the sand also has a macro-sized pores in large quantities so easily wet - and dry quickly - but can produce good air circulation to the plant roots.

In fact, sand is also regarded as a growing medium that is adequate and appropriate when applied to the process of seeding, growing seedlings, cuttings and rooting plants.

10. Charcoal Husk
Charcoal Husk

Of the many kinds of hydroponic growing media, growing medium husk charcoal is the most popular and widely used. Husk considered a sterile hydroponic growing media, inexpensive, and efficient.

Advantages possessed by husk include the presence of chemical components such as crude protein, moisture, ash, fat, crude fiber, carbon, oxygen, carbohydrates, hydrogen, and silica.

While the benefits of rice husk as a planting medium is set lower prices. To get the husk is also easy, especially if you live in a rural, rice husk can be obtained free of charge.

In addition, all the elements that can harm the plants have disappeared from the husk pass through the manufacturing process by burning.

Another advantage of the husk as a planting medium is a more efficient use due to lighter weight, easily made, and easy to apply.

11. Fractions Bricks
Fractions Bricks

Did you know that the bricks turned out to have a role in the agricultural sphere? Broken bricks are well known to farmers in his ability as a hydroponic growing media.

Shards of bricks can be an alternative to crops that are economical and easier to obtain, or even made.
Broken bricks as growing media are considered good because it has a function to fix the roots of plants and the performance of drainage and aeration.

Disadvantages of broken bricks, if used as a growing medium is the least nutrient content so that the necessary additional fertilizers or combined with other growing media, who pocketed a good nutrient content.

12. Compost

Almost everyone knows that the compost is one of the best growing medium for the plant. In the market, you can get compost easily.

Your own compost is organic planting medium is produced from the fermentation of crops, such as rice husks, grass, straw, and so on.

Compost can also be produced with raw materials derived from household waste can play a role as a planting medium properly.

If you want to use compost as a planting medium hydroponics, then select black compost browned and no smell.

13. Rockwool

Another hydroponic planting medium that is not less popular among farmers hydroponics is rockwool.

This one planting medium storing many advantages not possessed by other growing medium, especially in matters of composition ratio of water and air that can be stored by the growing media rockwool.

Rockwool itself is environmentally friendly growing medium made of a combination of rock, like on the basalt rock, coal, and limestone is heated at a temperature of 1,600 degrees C to melt resembling lava which later transformed into the fibers.

Once cool, the collection of these fibers will be cut to adjust to the needs.

Rockwool contained in the pH tends to be high for some types of plants that require special treatment before djadikan rockwool as a growing medium.

14. Expanded Clay
Expanded Clay

For those of you who do not know, expanded clay or hidroton is a product of clay that is included in a variety of best hydroponic growing media.

Hidroton obtained through a heating process with temperatures reaching more than 1000 degrees C. Growing media that one is very popular among hydroponic farmer in Germany.

Expanded Clay or hidroton regarded as a growing medium that is practical and easy to implement because it has a shape in the form of dots of clay small as marbles.

Expanded clay (hidroton) as a growing medium has many advantages for membudidaya hydroponic crops such as ability to keep clean with good water content, pH neutral, stable, and has a fairly perfect aeration.

15. Wood Powder
Wood Powder

Besides soil, rice husk, sand, gravel, perlite, or vermiculite, you can also do activities hydroponic plant growing medium or vegetables with sawdust.

For the layman, would not think that goods are often considered useless actually play an important role in the world of hydroponic cultivation.

Hydroponic planting medium that is usually obtained from sawn timber, then the powder that fell collected and used to grow crops.

Sawdust including planting medium that can absorb water with the optimal plant roots are imbedded into the faster it will grow and flourish.

16. Powder Coconut Fiber (Cocopeat)
Powder Coconut Fiber (Cocopeat)

Media for the growth of plants which one is classified as organic growing media.

Coconut husk which is generally found as washers pot, used as a broom, and the mat is now its use began to develop into the planting medium hydroponics.

Where discovered in the 80s by Dutch Plantin, an institution which first reported that the fine powder obtained from coconut husk can be used as a medium for hydroponic cultivation.

Abroad, coconut coir dust or cocopeat also known as coir pith , coir fiber pith , coir dust , and or coir , which means the fiber.

Coconut coir dust as growing media claimed to have a high water capacity. Coconut coir dust is known to store water up to 73%, or 6-9 times its volume.

Thus, the hydroponic farming activities you'll be saving water because of the intensity of watering done less frequently.

17. Clay

Various crafts can be done by utilizing clay. In fact, the clay can also be used for growing plants with hydroponics system.

Interesting, is not it? Bertesktur clay is very smooth and sticky it has the characteristics as a good hydroponic growing media, such as the size of micro pores that allow water amounts to much more tied.

The shortage of clay as the only growing medium is nutrient-poor. Not only that, the texture that allows the water to seep more clay making water and air circulation became hampered by the lack of space.

To overcome this, the clay can be used in conjunction with other growing media such as sand and humus with adjustable portion.

18. Moss

Moss classified into organic hydroponic growing media is the best. The planting medium is obtained from the roots of ferns or can be found in the forest.

Moss is usually used as a growing medium when entering seeding until the time of flowering.

A planting medium that have been the reason, among others, leaving many cavities that make the roots more flexibility to grow and evolve.

If you do not already know, moss also including growing media which can bind water in addition to the advantages in creating space for root growth path.

Not only that, the moss is also known to have a system which is good aeration and drainage.

Planting hydroponics with moss as a growing medium will get a more perfect results when combined with other growing medium such as peat, bark, dry leaves, and soil.

19. Hydrogel

If you want a hydroponics activities being carried out even more fun, you can try the hydrogel as a planting medium.

Hydrogel is an inorganic hydroponic growing media which can change the position of the land in the hydroponic system. Its use is more appropriate to create with plants.

Hydrogels are made of crystalline polymers with water absorption ability is quite good.

Another advantage of colorful crystal polymer is able to absorb the nutrients in large volumes.

Hydrogels including environmentally friendly growing medium because it can decompose and rot.

Kinds of hydroponic growing media that one can do wonders to release the content of nutrients and water in accordance with plant needs.

20. Vermiculite

Vermiculite derived from inorganic material that has properties similar to perlite hydroponic growing media. Both are produced from the process of heating the rock.

The difference is in the ability to absorb from each of the planting medium. Vermiculite is able to absorb the water content is higher than pearlite.

That is why many people prefer to wear vermiculite as a good hydroponic growing media.

Additionally, vermiculite also has more weight than perlite that are expected to sustain a stronger plant growth process.

Planting media is an important component that must meet and have before hydroponic farming. By knowing the kinds of the hydroponic growing media then you will be easier to fit the needs when trying to carry out the cultivation of hydroponic plants.

So little discussion of the 20 Types Hydroponic Growing Media Most Excellent hopefully with this restriction can add insight and knowledge to all of us, thank you very much for visiting.

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