Biblegardens.org - Hydroponics is a way of planting crops without using the media from the soil as a place to grow. Hydroponically literally means planting in water containing a mixture of nutrients.
In current practice, hydroponics can not be separated from the use of other growing media that are not soil as a support for plant growth.
Hydroponically planted plants are healthier because they receive balanced nutrition. The plants are healthier because they spend less energy in finding water and nutrients.
As a result, hydroponic crop production is generally wider, crisper and more nutritious than land-use crops.
Therefore, for the physical replacement of the soil is generally used sterile media such as sand, gravel, pumice, cocofiber (coco fiber), or rockwool (or any combination of media)
By maintaining the growth of planted crops, it is expected to get more abundant crops, faster growth, and most importantly better quality of production.
If the moisture is too high, the plant will be exposed to mold or rot. With hydroponics in a closed area there will be a very low level of humidity.
Therefore, the temperature and intensity of light must be lowered so that the plant does not become dehydrated.
6 How to Plant Hydroponics at Home easily
How to plant hydroponics alone is not just 1 method, but there are 6 hydroponic methods, namely:
- How to Plant
Hydroponics Aeroponics System (Aeroponics)
Aeroponic system is a hydroponic system that uses high technology. As in the NFT system above, media plant air.
The roots hanging in the air are fed by nutrient solution. This cancellation is generally done every few minutes.
Because the roots are exposed in the air as in the NFT system, the roots can quickly dry out when the smoothing setting is interrupted. For more details, please see the picture.
Fertilizer and Drip Irrigation System, In principle, only provide water and nutrients in the form of droplets that drip continuously all the time.
The droplets are directed right at the root area of the plant so the plants can directly absorb water and nutrients provided.
Drops of nutrients can be set so that will not inundate the plant. This tool in principle is tantamount to watering the plant but is done automatically, continuously and accordingly dose. For more details, please see the picture.
The Wick System (Wick) is the simplest hydroponic type. This system is a passive system, which means no moving system. The nutrient solution mixture is absorbed by the planting medium from the tank through the axis (utilizing the capillary power of the axis).
This system can be applied in a variety of growing media, including: Perlite, Vermiculite, ProMix, and Coconut Fiber. For more details, please see the picture.
Tidal System (Flood and Drain or Ebb and Flow), Tidal system how it works is the plants get water, oxygen and nutrients through the pump from the container.
Water, oxygen and nutrients are pumped through the planting medium and then wetting the roots of the plants (called "pairs"), then a few moments of water with the nutrients going down (called "receding") back through the media to the reservoir.
Tidal and low tide times can be set using a timer according to the needs of the plant, so the plants will not be stagnant or not enough water. For more details, please see the picture.
- Hydroponics Water
Culture System (Water Culture)
Water Culture System (water culture) or many mengistilahkannya Floating / Floating Raft is the simplest system of all active hydroponics system.
Crop support is generally made from styrofoam and floats directly over the surface of the nutrient solution mixture.
A pump works to provide air through a hose to a rock of angina, this pump which will make many air bubbles in the nutrient solution mixture and provide oxygen for the hydroponic plant roots. For more details, please see the picture.
NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) system, this is a technique where the flow of nutrient solution is provided through a very shallow pipeline. Water containing all the dissolved nutrients is given continuously for 24 hours.
In this system ideally the depth of the compulsory circulation flow is very shallow, or thin which means thin layer, or less water.
This ensures that rooting will often get water and also nutrients, this system provides plenty of oxygen to the plant roots.
The NFT system is designed on the basis of the right channel slope, the right flow rate, and the proper channel length.
The main advantage of NFT systems from other systems is that affected plant roots will adequately supply water, oxygen and nutrients.
But many of the actors in this system have a concern that when the power grid dies (PLN) the plant does not get water and nutrient solution.
So much in the modification so long as the flow of electricity stops the plants still get nutritional water by making a leaf or embankment. For more details, please see the picture.
Advantages and Disadvantages Hydroponic Ways
Not enough of the hydroponic method is the high initial capital cost, the rapid spread of disease (such as Fusarium and Verticullum) through tissues, and the complexity of plant nutrients.
However, all these problems can be overcome. The cost of capital and a complex operating system can be replaced by a simpler new hydroponic plant, such as the Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) method.
As well as the above disease problems have been overcome with varieties that are resistant to the disease. But overall, from not enough hydroponics there are advantages.
The main advantages of this hydroponic method are the efficient regulation of nutrients, can be planted even in a barren land, more efficient use of water and fertilizer, easy and cheap sterilization of media, densely planted crops that increase the yield per hectare.
So little discussion of the 6 System Ways Hydroponic Plants Growing at Home hopefully with this restriction can add insight and knowledge to all of us, thank you very much for visiting.
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